Joginder Nagar or Jogindar Nagar is a municipal council and an administrative subdivision in Mandi district in the Indian state of Himachal Pradesh. Named after Raja Joginder Sen, the hill station is terminal point of 163 km long Kangra Valley Narrow gauge railhead. Joginder Nagar is the only town in Asia to have three hydro-electric power stations, and hence nicknamed The City of Powerhouses.
Located at the middle of Joginder Nagar Valley, the region is known for adventure sports of Paragliding and Trekking and packs options for sightseeing, mountain biking and camping. Popularly, the valley is known for three T's viz. Trolley, Trout and Train. In 2015, Joginder Nagar was declared the first free Wi-Fi city of Himachal Pradesh.
The surrounding mountains are covered with dense forests of Pine. Rhododendron (Burans or locally known as Brah ka fool) and Deodar trees can be found at high altitude places like Winch Camp, Jhatingri and Phuladhar.
Joginder Nagar is a Zone V (Very High Damage Risk Zone) as per Earthquake hazard zoning of India. The after-effects of the earthquake of 1905 are still visible at nearby fort Kila Karanpur. For a past few years, forest fires and landslides have risen due to natural and man-made reasons.
The climate is warm and temperate in Joginder Nagar. The climate remains mild and light in summers when cottons or light woollens are recommended and during winters, heavy woollens are required. The summers are much rainier than the winters in Joginder Nagar. This climate is considered to be Cwa according to the Köppen Geiger climate classification. The average annual temperature is 19.6 °C. The rainfall here averages 1851 mm.
The driest month is November, with 25 mm of rainfall. The greatest amount of precipitation occurs in July, with an average of 474 mm. The warmest month of the year is June, with an average temperature of 27.5 °C. The lowest average temperatures in the year occur in January, when it is around 10.1 °C.
The difference in precipitation between the driest month and the wettest month is 449 mm. The variation in temperatures throughout the year is 17.4 °C.
In winters, the temperature can dip to -4 degrees in the town while it can be as low as -10 degrees in upper reaches like Winch Camp and Devidarh. Higher reaches of the area get heavy snowfall from December to March while the town has got snowfall in rare occasions. While summers are pleasantly warm, maximum temperature rarely crosses 34 degrees Celsius although temperatures up to 36 degrees have also been recorded. Temperatures typically range from -4 to 36 degrees.
aulage Trolley: India's highest Funicular railway that goes from 1200 meters to up to 2500 meters using cable wire and runs on railway track having steep gradient. Winch Camp: Highest settlement of Joginder Nagar Valley at 2400 meters. A trolley track goes from Winch camp to Head-gear (2500 meters) and then haulage way descends down to Barot. Currently, non-functional, the three kilometer narrow gauge track from Winch Camp to Head Gear is the highest railway track in India. Barot: The main reservoirs on Uhl river for Shanan and Bassi hydel projects.
Bir-Billing: Bir is home to Tibetan Buddhist monasteries and Billing (2300 m) is the paragliding and hang-gliding take-off spot having hosted major tournaments including Paragliding World Cup 2015.
Shanan Power House: India's first hydroelectric power project in megawatt capacity was commissioned in 1932. Narrow-gauge Railway: The narrow-gauge Kangra Valley Railway runs between Pathankot and Joginder Nagar. Passing through 971 bridges and 2 tunnels, the railway line is a tentative UNESCO's world heritage site.
Paragliding World Cup 2015 at nearby Bir-Billing
Chaprot: The picnic spot in Siyuri Dhar has a sunset point and a reservoir for Bassi Power House and 8 km away from main town.
Dehnasar Lake: High-altitude and glacial-fed lake in Dhauladhar himalayas.
Banderi Temple and Kila Karanpur: Banderi temple is situated on the hill to the north-west of Joginder Nagar.
Kila Karanpur is abandoned fort of Raja Karan Sen, son of Raja Joginder Sen.
Macchial Lake: Holy lake held sacred to Golden Mahseer worshipped as Fish God.
Jhatingri: Hill resort studded with Himalayan cedar at 2030 meters is known for camping, sightseeing and trekking, is gateway to Barot Valley.
Herbal Garden and Museum: The largest Herbal Garden and institute for research on Ayurvedic medicines and plants in North India.
Dhelu: Paragliding spot where one can learn the sport and enjoy tandem flights.
Lakshminarayana Temple: A very old temple dedicated to Lord Lakshminarayana has religious significance since Dvapara Yuga.
Phuladhar: Hilltop resort at 2260 meters known for paragliding, camping, trekking and 360 degree views of Joginder Nagar Valley and Barot Valley, is located at eastern side of Joginder Nagar town.
Devidarh: Hilltop meadow at 2870 m is accessed via trekking on the ridge amid valleys of Jogindernagar and Barot from Winch Camp or Billing.
Dzongsar Khyentse Monastery : A large monastery is a major tourist attraction along with half a dozen Buddhist Monasteries and schools at nearby Chauntra village showcasing significant Tibetan architecture and practices.
Chaina Pass: Mountain pass (2730 m) connects Chota Bhangal Valley at Rajgundha to Joginder Nagar Valley at Billing and adjacent Kangra Valley.
Bhubu Pass: High-altitude pass (2900 m) between Kullu and Joginder Nagar, used to be the only connecting link between two towns.
Batty Pass: Named after Col. Battye, the mid altitude pass (2530 m) enroutes along haulage railway track to connect Joginder Nagar Valley near Winch Camp to Barot Valley at Headgear.