Fatehpur District is one of the 71 districts of Uttar Pradesh state in northern India. The district covers an area of 4,152 km. The district has a population of 2,632,733 (2011 Census). Fatehpur city is the administrative headquarters of the district. Located on the banks of the sacred rivers Ganges and Yamuna, Fatehpur was mentioned in the puranic literature. The ghats of Bhitaura and Asani were described as sacred in the puranas. Bhitaura, the site of the sage Bhrigu, was an important source of learning. Fatehpur district is a part of Allahabad Division.
This district is situated between two important cities: Allahabad, which is also known as "Prayag", and Kanpur of the state Uttar Pradesh. Fatehpur is well connected with those cities by train routes and roads. The distance from Allahabad is 117 km and from Kanpur is 76 km by railway. The north boundary of the district is limited by the river Ganges and its southern boundary is the river Yamuna.
In the Vedic era the region of this district was known as "Antardesh", which means the fertile area between two big rivers. Later, it was known as "Madhyadesh" which means central region. The northern region of the district is influenced with "Avadhi" culture while the southern part shows effect of the "Bundelkhand". The territory covered by the present-day Fatehpur district was part of Vatsa, which was one among sixteen mahajanapadas described in the Buddhist literature.
In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Fatehpur one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640). It is one of the 34 districts in Uttar Pradesh currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).
Fatehpur is fairly well connected to other parts of Uttar Pradesh and India with national and state highways. The national highway (NH2) (Grand Trunk Road known as G.T. Road) passes through Fatehpur. Fatehpur is 78 km from Kanpur, 121 km from Allahabad and state capital Lucknow is 120 km away. There are frequent buses to Kanpur, Allahabad, Banda, Uttar Pradesh, and Lucknow.
Fatehpur is a historic region in the context of the Great Indian Mutiny of 1857
This city is connected with important cities by train. Fatehpur Station is on the main route of New Delhi-kolkata. Trains are available frequently. It has longest platform of any station on the route from Howrah to Delhi. This fact is disputed as the shortest platforms are Jhansi (not on Delhi-Howrah route) followed by Dehri-on-Son (on Delhi-Howrah route). "As a matter of fact, the longest platform in India is Gorakhpur(Yes, it's longer than Kharagpur)."& The Chauri Chaura goes to Gorakhpur, UttarPradesh.